SpruceRoots Magazine - September, 1999

Inventory of NTFP with Potential Commercial Value
Coastal Western Hemlock (CWH) Zone

(source: Frederickson, 1999)

Fruit and Berry species
Alaskan blueberry (Vaccinium alaskaense)
Blackcap raspberry (Rubus leucodermis)
Bog blueberry (Vaccinium ulginosum)
Dwarf blueberry (Vaccinium caespitosum)
Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum)
High-bush cranberry (Viburnum edule)
Kinnikinnick (Arctostphylos uva-ursi)
Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)
Red flowering currant (Ribes sanguineum)
Red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium)
Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus)
Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)
Saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia)
Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
Trailing blackberry (Rubus ursinus)
Trailing currant (Ribes laxiflorum)
Western teaberry (Gaultheria ovatifolia)
Wild gooseberry (Ribes divaricatum)

Craft species
American bulrush (Scirpus americanus)
Big-leafed maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Bitter cherry bark (Prunus emarginata)
Cattail (Typha latifolia)
Lamb's-quarters (Chenopodium album)
Mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana)
Paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
Red alder (Alnus rubra)
Red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)
Slough sedge (Carex obnupta)
Yellow cedar (Chaemaecyparis nootkatensis)

Floral species
Alpine wintergreen (Gaultheria humifusa)
Arbutus (Arbutus menziessi)
Bear-grass (Xerophyllum tenax)
Bog cranberry (Oxycoccus oxycoccos)
Candystick (Allotropa virgata)
Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)
Pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)
Wild crabapple (Malus fusca)
Wild rose (Rosa gymnocarpa)

Greenery species
Amabilis fir (Abies amabilis)
Deer fern (Blechnum spicant)
False box (Pachistima myrsinites)
Grand fir (Abies grandis)
Green spleenword (Asplenium viride)
Hairy manzanita (Arcostaphylos columbiana)
Lanky moss (Rhytidiadelphus loreus)
Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
Maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum)
Oregon beaked moss (Kindbergia oregana)
Oregon grape (Mahonia nervosa)
Peat moss (Sphagnum spp.)
Salal (Gaultheria shallon)
Step moss (Hylocomium splendens)
Western white pine (Pinus monticola)

Landscape species
Arctic lupine (Lupinus arcticus)
Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
Common juniper (Juniperus communis)
Common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
Early blue violet (Viola adunca)
Few-flowered shooting-star (Dodecatheon pulchellum)
Heart-leafed arnica (Arnica cordifolia)
Licorice fern (Polypodium glycyrrhiza)
Marsh violet (Viola palustris)
Mock orange (Philadelphus lewisii)
Pacific bleeding-heart (Dicentra formosa)
Pale sedge (Carex livida)
Pink mountain heather (Phyllodoce empetriformis)
Red columbine (Aquilegia formosa)
Redstem ceanothis (Ceanothis sanguineus)
Round-leafed sundew (Drosera rotundifolia)
Running clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
Scouring rush (Equistetum hyemale)
Sitka clubmoss (Lycopodium sitchense)
Western bog-laurel (Kalmia microphylla ssp. occidentalis)
Western teaberry (Gautheria ovatifolia)
Vine maple (Acer circinatum)
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Medicinal species
Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera)
Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)
False hellebore (Veratrum viride)
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Horsetail (Esquisetum arvense)
King gentian (Gentian sceptrum)
Prince's pine (Chimpaphila umbellata)
Sitka mountain-ash (Sorbus sitchensis)
Swamp gentian (Gentian douglasiana)
Western yew (Taxus brevifolia)
Willow (Salix spp)

Herb and vegetable species
Common camas (Camassia quamash)
Fern-leaved dessert-parsley (Lomatium dissectum)
Hooker's onion (Allium acuminatum)
Indian celery (Heracleum lanatum)
Nodding onion (Allium cernuum)
Skunk cabbage (Lysichiton americanum)
Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica)
Sweet-scented bedstraw (Galium triflorum)
Water parsley (Oenanthe sarmentosa)
Wild ginger (Asarum caudatum)

Edible mushroom species
Angel's wings (Pleurocybella porrigens)
Black morel (Morchella elata)
Cauliflower mushroom (Sparassis radicata)
Chicken of the woods (Polyporus sulphureus)
Common laccaria (Laccaria laccata)
Coral-tooth mushroom (Hericium abietis)
Delicious milk-cap (Lactarius deliciosus)
Funnel chanterelle (Cantharellus infundibuliformis)
Golden chanterelle (Cantharellus formosus)
Hedgehog mushroom (Hydnum repandum)
Honey mushroom (Armillaria ostayae)
King bolete (Boletus edulis)
Lobster mushroom (Hypomyces cf lactifluorum)
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus oysterus)
Pine mushroom (Tricoloma magnivelare)
Shaggy parasol (Lepiota rhacodes)
Shrimp mushroom (Russula xerampelina)
White chanterelle (Cantharellus subalbidus)
Woodland agaricus (Agaricus silviaticus)

Nutraceutical and Medicinal mushroom species
Artist's conk (Ganoderma applanatum)
Chaga (Inonotus obliquus)
Chicken of the woods (Polyporus sulphereus)
*fleck-fleshed polypore (Phellinus igniarius)
Fly agaric (Amanita muscaria)
*gilled polypore (Gloeophyllum sepiarium)
*gilled polypore (Lenzites betulina)
Hemlock varnish shelf (Ganoderma tsugae)
Red belt conk (Fomitopsis pinicola)
Split gill (Schizophyllum commune)
Tinder polypore (Fomes fomentarius)
Turkey tail (Trametes versicolor)
Varnish shelf (Ganoderma oregonense)
Velvet top (Boletus mirabilis)
Witches butter (Tremella spp.)
Wood ear (Auricularia auricula)
Zeller's bolete (Boletus zelleri)

*no common name

SpruceRoots Magazine - September, 1999